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南京托福培训:雅思阅读中的these 对代词的忽视导致错误率高

时间:2018-07-25 17:07来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
在雅思阅读测验中,有许多考生都有这样的体验,显着回响定位很精确,可是却找不到谜底。这种环境是多方面缘故起因造成的,但对代词的忽视是一个重要缘故起因。许多考鸭没
雅思阅读测验中,有许多考生都有这样的体验,显着回响定位很精确,可是却找不到谜底。这种环境是多方面缘故起因造成的,但对代词的忽视是一个重要缘故起因。许多考鸭没有留意到代词的指代浸染,从而导致用时过多,答对率降落。本文通过剑桥雅思真题中活生生的案例,为各人支招一眼望见雅思阅读中的那些these。

起首,我们来看一下剑桥6P91的Q17。

As a result, factors such as 17_______ and attitudes to children have been eliminated...

文中呈现了我们很是认识的and布局,找到attitudes根基上间隔谜底就不远了。其它,并列布局 such as 前的factors,以及部门考鸭不太认识的eliminated,也具有提醒浸染。回到原订亲位。

Now a long-term study carried out in Nicaragua has eliminated these factors by showing that teaching reading to poor adult women, who would other wise have remained illiterate, has a direct effect on their children's health and survival.

我们找到了factors和eliminated, 但既没有找到and布局,也没找到attitudes。不少考鸭会风俗性继承向下探求,进而间隔谜底越来越远。这里,我们忽视掉了很是重要的一个代词these。它用来指代前面的布局,也体现前面呈现了我们必要的factors。我们只需向前看一句,便轻松获得了谜底。

Most literate women learnt to read in primary school, and the fact that a woman has had an education may simply indicate her family's wealth or that it values its children more highly.

我们会发明两个并列布局 and和or, 而标题中and 后跟的‘attitudes to children ’与这句话中‘it values its children more highly ’做了同义转述,以是谜底应为or前线的 family’s wealth, 南京雅思培训,选项J即为谜底。这里attitude 的同义转述无形中增进了难度,纵然各人先于定位句看到这句话也不轻易获得谜底。可是,有了these的提醒,并服膺‘代词向前看’这一原则,信托谜底就会乖乖地到碗里来。

同样的案例也呈此刻了剑桥8的P29,请各人自行完成。

Positive results could be produced by factors such as 34 ………… or 35 ………….

原文: Just because chance had been ruled out as an explanation did not prove telepathy must exist; there were many other ways of getting positive results. These ranged from 'sensory leakage' - where clues about the pictures accidentally reach the receiver - to outright fraud. In response, the researchers issued a review of all the ganzfeld studies done up to 1985 to show that 80 per cent had found statistically significant evidence. However, they also agreed that there were still too many problems in the experiments which could lead to positive results, and they drew up a list demanding new standards for future research.

我们发明,上面的案例还仅仅范围于两句之间的代词指代浸染,但假如各人的熟悉仅仅范围于此,就太鄙视代词these了。下面咱们再看一个例子,这个标题是来自剑桥9P21的Q14,为文章的B段选问题。

原文:

B

In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. First, UFOs (Unidentified Flying Objects) are generally ignored since most scientists don’t consider the evidence for them to be strong enough to bear serious consideration although it is also important to keep an open mind in case any really convincing evidence emerges in the future. Second, we make a very conservative assumption that we are looking for a life form that is pretty well like us, since if it differs radically from us we may well not recognize it as a life form, quite apart from whether we are able to communicate with it. In other words, the life form we are looking for may well have two green heads and seven fingers, but it will nevertheless resemble us in that it should communicate with its fellows, be interested in the Universe, live on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun, and perhaps most restrictively, have a chemistry, like us, based on carbon and water.

我已经很是善良地为各人划出了浮现此段布局的要害提醒,但当你看到选项‘iv. Assumptions underlying the search for extra terrestrial intelligence ’时,不知是否有绝对掌握选择它。在很是短的时刻内选出这个谜底照旧必要气力的,并且不少考鸭纵然选中此选项也不是出格确定,生理上的颠簸对下面的标题也会有必然影响。可是当我们看到C段首句‘Even when we make these assumptions, our understanding of other life forms is still severely limited.’时,我们会很是自信地选出谜底iv。这里,these assumptions 对上一段信息做了归纳综合,可见these的强盛。同样的案例在剑桥7P70的Q14也有所浮现,只不外将B段首句中的techniques替代为了iv.选项中的methods而已。

现实上,在代词家属中this、that、they、those等都有相同用法,有意的考鸭可以在平常的进修中做个有意人,寄望调查,并服膺‘代词向前看’的原则,信托这些起到指代浸染的代词会在各人篡夺雅思阅读高分的路上助各人一臂之力。其它,在雅思写作中公道行使代词起到暗毗连浸染也是备受考官亲睐的,各人不妨试一下。
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