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南京gmat培训:雅思阅读的一大点金石 标点符号准确表达语意

时间:2018-07-25 17:07来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
标点标记,是书面说话的一大构成部门,它可以辅佐精确的表达语意并帮忙读者抓住句中的精华。在上小学语文课的时辰,先生城市教怎样正确行使中文的标点标记。着实

标点标记,是书面说话的一大构成部门,它可以辅佐精确的表达语意并帮忙读者抓住句中的精华。在上小学语文课的时辰,先生城市教奈何正确行使中文的标点标记。着实,南京文德教育,英文的标点标记也起着同样重要的浸染。雅思阅读文章中有许多这样的标点标记,不只可以使考生读懂文章,更能敏捷精确的搞定考题谜底。下面为各人别离报告几个在雅思文章中很重要的标点标记,但愿对各人备战雅思阅读有辅佐。

冒号

冒号在英文中有两大用法:一是用在一个正式的引用前面,二是列出暗示罗列、表明和声名性的词语。好比在剑六TEST2第一篇文章的A段中,首句是这样表达的:

In fact, Newman believes the main reason for adopting one sort of transport over another is politics: “The more democratic the process, the more public transport is favored.”冒号后的内容是一句正式引语,并对冒号前的politics举办了详细的叙述声名,因此,冒号后的内容是本段的主题句,夸大的引号内的democratic一词,以是在本篇第一个题型List of Heading中,本段的选项为A successful exercise in people power.

在剑桥四Test 4第三篇阅读文章The Problem of Scarce Resources中第一个题型仍旧是List of Heading。文章section c 段首句如下:

'However, at exactly the same time as this new realization of the finite character of health-care resources was sinking in, an awareness of a contrary kind was developing in Western societies: that people have a basic right to health-care as a necessary condition of a proper human life.'冒号后头的内容对前半句的an awareness of a contrary kind举办了详细的表明声名,因此冒号后头的内容就是解题的重点。在冒号后头提出了health-care与right的相关,以是这个段的段落大意选择选项I The connection between health-care and other human rights.

括号

括号在英文中可以用来暗示个中插入的或附加的表明因素,这个插入因素可所以单词、词组或句子。譬喻在剑五TEST1第一篇文章Johnson’s Dictionary中,题号为5的summary即考查的就是文中括号内的内容。该题为:

Johnson did not have a ……..available to him, but eventually produced definitions of in excess of 40,000 words written down in 80 large notebooks. 按照题中的定位词80 large notebooks, 考生可找到文章第六段首句” The work was immense; filling about eighty large notebooks (and without a library to hand), Johnson wrote the definitions of over 40,000 words, and……..”考生按照所填题今朝的did not have浮现的否认相关以及不定冠词a, 可预判谜底选词为可数名词单数,而且浮现为否认相关。通过阅读,可确定谜底为文章中括号内的单词library.

问号

雅思阅读中的问号,大都环境下用在设问句之后。设问句,即没有疑问而存心自问自答,作者的目标在于引起读者的留意和思索,可以或许引起文章的跌荡升沉。因此,大都环境下, 假如在段首位置呈现了问号,该句即为该段的主旨句。如剑六TEST1第一篇文章“Australia’s Sporting Success”的首段:

They play hard, they play often, and they play to win. Australian sports teams win more than their fair share of titles, demolishing rivals with seeming ease. How do they do it? A big part of the secret is an extensive and expensive network of sporting academies underpinned by science and medicine. 前两句为描写性语句,第三句问句How do they do it?后的自问自答引出了本段乃至本文的中心内容。

破折号

雅思阅读中的破折号后的内容,凡是是对主句中的某个单词或短语的修饰或表明声名。破折号写法上共有两种,一种为两个破折号搭配行使,两破折号中间部门为细节即―……―,而第二种环境为―…….的环境。如剑四TEST3第二篇文章:

Volcanoes-earth-shattering news”中Section C第二段首句:Sometimes it is slow: vast bubbles of magma-molten rock from the mantle-inch towards the surface…… 两个破折号中的molten rock from the mantle是在表明破折号之前的名词magma.

破折号中的部门正好对应19题的题干:What is the name given to molten rock from the mantle? 因此谜底为magma。仍旧在Section C第四段中, 第四行and you can see the rough outlines of what are called tectonic plates-the plates which make up the earth’s crust and mantle.破折号后的the plates which make up the earth’s crust and mantle是在表明破折号前的tectonic plates. 此句与18题题干What are the sections of the earth’s crust, often associated with volcanic activity, called?相对应。


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