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南京雅思培训:或许这才是解决雅思阅读选择题的方法

时间:2018-07-25 17:08来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
我们说明白之前说明白雅思阅读选择题的做题思绪(点击可入),不丢脸出,思绪是很简朴的。然而,对付许多同窗来说,选择题很难搞定,着实,选择题这个题型的数目
我们说明白之前说明白雅思阅读选择题的做题思绪(点击可入),不丢脸出,思绪是很简朴的。然而,对付许多同窗来说,选择题很难搞定,着实,选择题这个题型的数目可以抉择一场测验的“难度”(即数目越多,难度越大)。那么除了单词和句子这两个拦路虎外,选择题毕竟难在那边?从这一期开始,我会逐渐给各人揭开选择题的面纱。

选择题这种题的奇异的出题情势,抉择了其考查点可所以多维度的,那么除了纯真的句子配对,各人还必要在做题和读文章的时辰留意以下几个方面:

1. 留意与原文“长得像”的选项。
许多同窗在做题的时辰,每每由于句子没有领略到位而会选择一个与原文“长得像”的选项,由于认为这个选项由于有原文的内容,以是认为有安详感,认为是找到了组织。殊不知,这个“组织”很有也许是一个假组织。我们先来看看下面这个例子:
【例题】
Children who are bullied
A are twice as likely to commit suicide as the average person.
B find it more difficult to relate to adults.
C are less likely to be violent in later life.
D may have difficulty forming relationships in later life.
【原文】
Bullying is clearly unpleasant, and can make the child experiencing it feel unworthy and depressed. In extreme cases it can even lead to suicide, though this is thankfully rare. Victimised pupils are more likely to experience difficulties with interpersonal relationships as adults, while children who persistently bully are more likely to grow up to be physically violent, and convicted of anti-social offences.
【说明】
该段大意:
儿童之间的陵暴可以让孩子感受不开心和抑制,在极度环境下乃至会让儿童自杀,可是幸好很少。被陵暴的孩子也许会在作为成人时经验人际来往的坚苦,与之形成比拟的是,一连陵暴别人的孩子长大后会变得身材上很暴力,且会犯法。
定位的时辰,当看到pupils就该当想到题干中的“children”,victimized可以跟题干的“who are bullied”对应上,以是此时题干中的信息在原文中找到了对应点,精读本句即可。留意,as这个单词单独呈现,后接名词暗示“作为”领略,以是“作为成年人”即“长大往后”。
带着我们对原文的领略看选项:
A选项:原文说“thankfully rare”,那么就不行能是平凡人的两倍。与原文抵牾。
B选项:这个选项极有滋扰性,由于呈现了三个与原文一样的单词,可是不要仅仅存眷重现的单词,还要看到考官清静改变的词,选项中呈现了relate to sb.这个用法,意思是“与或人打交道”,而原文中说“作为成年人难于形成与别人的人际相关”,并不是选项中“与成年人打交道坚苦”。该选项所述内容在原文没呈现。
C选项:这个选项属于太过揣度的选项,会困扰一部门同窗。原文只是说了“陵暴别人的孩子长大后会暴力”,那么被陵暴的孩子因此就变得没有那么暴力吗?原文没有说起。
D选项:正确选项。选项中的relationship等于interpersonal relationships,in later life等于as adults。
【小结】
同窗们每每会被原词重现所吸引,而没有留意到没有重现的词,即考官对原文的变换,好比改换介词、添加的新词等。
【操练】
In the first paragraph, the writer makes a point that
A. The director should plan the sound track at an early stage in filming
B. It would be wrong to overlook the contribution of sound to the artistry of films
C. The music industry can have a beneficial influence on sound in film
D. It is important for those working on the sound in a film to have sole responsibility for it
Though we might think of film as an essentially visual experience, we really cannot afford to underestimate the importance of film sound. A meaningful sound track is often as complicated as the image on the screen, and is ultimately just as much the responsibility of the director. The entire sound track consists of three essential ingredients: the human voice, sound effects and music. These three tracks must be mixed and balanced so as to produce the necessary emphases which in turn create desired effects. Topics which essentially refer to the three previously mentioned tracks are discussed below. They include dialogue, synchronous and asynchronous sound effects, and music.
2.谨防太过揣度。
在做判定题的时辰,许多同窗城市依据本身的领略得出一个揣度出的结论,这种思绪就是太过揣度。可是同窗们必要留意的是,雅思阅读是evidenced-based test,做题讲究的是证据,,不能讲情绪(现实上,这也是中英文的区别,中文考究“情绪、直觉”,英文考究“证据”)
【例题】
The example of the ‘million-dollar quartet’ underlines the writer’s point about
A recognising talent.
B working as a team.
C having a shared objective.
D being an effective leader.
【原文】
One of the most famous photographs in the story of rock’n’roll emphasises Ciaidini’s views. The 1956 picture of singers Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash and Jerry Lee Lewis jamming at a piano in Sun Studios in Memphis tells a hidden story. Sun’s ‘million-dollar quartet’ could have been a quintet. Missing from the picture is Roy Orbison’ a greater natural singer than Lewis, Perkins or Cash. Sam Phillips, who owned Sun, wanted to revolutionise popular music with songs that fused black and white music, and country and blues. Presley, Cash, Perkins and Lewis instinctively understood Phillips’s ambition and believed in it. Orbison wasn’t inspired by the goal, and only ever achieved one hit with the Sun label.
【说明】
原文大意:
太阳事变室本来可以有一个“五重唱”的组合,可是最后只有四重唱。缘故起因是太阳事变室的老板想要刷新音乐,在现有基本上融合黑人音乐、村子音乐、布鲁士等等。事变室的四位歌手Presley, Cash, Perkins and Lewis本能地领略老板的野心,可是Orbison不觉得然,以是最后在事变室颁发了一张唱片就走了。
标题问的是‘million-dollar quartet’夸大了作者什么概念,在原文中我们看到整个段落报告了这个故事,当同窗们读完了原文后,很轻易领略为“他们本应是一个很好的团队,可是一小我私人不合,以是团队最终没有想象的好”,以至于最终谜底选择为B。
然而,我们讲过,雅思阅读的选择题的正确选项是“一个萝卜一个坑”,即内容要有具化的示意。选项B中所提到的“working as a team”在原文中并没有说起任何的字眼,哪怕原文有working group, spirit of teamwork这样的字眼也行,可是都没有,属于NOT GIVEN的选项。同窗们会选这个选项,完满是本身凭着对说话笔墨的领略,推理出的一个结论,这就是我所谓的“直觉”,即太过推论。
【留意】
再次夸大,选择题的正确谜底的单词可能表达在原文中必然要有浮现,犹如义词替代可能换说法的替代,总之要有浮现。譬喻这道题的正确谜底C: having a shared objective,原文中“wanted to …”,“ambition”,“goal”都是objective的替代。再进而去领略寄义,发明选项讲的整体意思与原文是靠近的,即可以为C选项是谜底。
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