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南京文德教育:雅思阅读选择题的做题思路详解

时间:2018-07-25 17:08来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
起首,我们先看一下什么叫雅思阅读中的单选题: A recent survey found that in British secondary schools A there was more bullying than had previously been the case. B there was less bullying than in primary schools. C cases of persistent bu
起首,我们先看一下什么叫雅思阅读中的“单选题”:
A recent survey found that in British secondary schools
A there was more bullying than had previously been the case.
B there was less bullying than in primary schools.
C cases of persistent bullying were very common.
D indirect forms of bullying were particularly difficult to deal with.

雅思阅读单选题的题干一样平常是一个句子的前半部门,选项是题干所给半句的后半部门(如下题)。题干和正确的选项可以组成一个完备的句子,这个句子是对原文响应句子的替代,因此单选题现实上要求同窗们做句子的配对,显然,长难句领略是单选题考查的重点。而许多同窗并不能很好地领略句子,因此会认为选择题难度较量大。

正确的思想进程做选择题的步调是:
1. 读题、明晰定位词。在读题的时辰,同窗们只必要去看题干,用题干所给信息举办定位。如下题:
【例题1】
A recent survey found that in British secondary schools
A there was more bullying than had previously been the case.
B there was less bullying than in primary schools.
C cases of persistent bullying were very common.
D indirect forms of bullying were particularly difficult to deal with.
【说明】
题干问“最近的一个研究发明英国的中学怎么样了”,在题干中提到了具化的观念“英国的中学 ”,以是这就是我们用来定位的词,回到原文看哪个词或词组表达出了“英国中学”这个观念。(留意:不要用“原词”定位,要用“寄义”,因此词也许会被替代,哪怕是名词)
tips
留意:
1. 选择题的题干每每是一些平凡词,因此在读题时必必要相识题干所表达的“工作”或“寄义”;2.读题时不必要看选项,由于有三个滋扰项,以是看选项根基是往枪口上撞,很有也许影响原文的领略。

2. 定位并领略。带着我们对“题干信息”的领略定位到原文,并对原文的定位词对应点地址的句子举办细心阅读而且领略,须要的时辰必要看前后的句子。
Bullying can take a variety of forms, from the verbal - being taunted or called hurtful names - to the physical - being kicked or shoved - as well as indirect forms, such as being excluded from social groups. A survey I conducted with Irene Whitney found that in British primary schools up to a quarter of pupils reported experience of bullying, which in about one in ten cases was persistent. There was less bullying in secondary schools, with about one in twenty-five suffering persistent bullying, but these cases may be particularly recalcitrant.
【说明】
通过阅读原文,我们看得出在文章中第一句奉告读者“陵暴有许多情势及其详细的情势”,第二句奉告读者作者跟Irene举办的英国小学的研究,这些句子中都没有呈现“英国的中学”的表达,因此快速扫过,不消举办准确领略。可是到了第三句话,呈现了secondary school,是我们要找的“中学”的观念,以是对这句话举办精读领略:在英国有着较少的陵暴,有着1/25是一连的陵暴,可是中门生是出格具有抵御性的。而且思索:less是跟谁的比拟?本句话并没有than,声名是跟前一句的“小学环境”在作比拟——英国中学的陵暴比小学少。

3.选择谜底。带着我们对原文的领略,从四个选项中选择与原文表达同等的选项,可能解除滋扰项。与原文表达同等的选项等于TRUE,滋扰项一样平常是与原文表达抵牾(FALSE)可能在原文中没有呈现(NOT GIVEN)。有同窗也许会认为很难——做一道选择题相等于做了四道判定题咯?要留意,选择题只必要选出TRUE来,那些FALSE和NOT GIVEN是完好不选的。因此于同窗们而言,南京文德教育,选择题的选项或许就是TRUE和NOT TRUE两类,因此不消担忧其太难。
【例题】
A recent survey found that in British secondary schools
A there was more bullying than had previously been the case.
B there was less bullying than in primary schools.
C cases of persistent bullying were very common.
D indirect forms of bullying were particularly difficult to deal with.
【说明】
通过我们对上文的领略,我们得知在英国的中学,陵暴的环境是比小学少的,第二个选项的表述与原文同等,谜底选B。第一个选项说“与早年对比,有更多的陵暴”,原文中并没有与早年对较量,以是是NOT GIVEN;第三个选项说“一连性的陵暴是很常见的”,把本题当做判定题来看的话,定位部门是“cases of persistent bullying”,考查点是“very common”,然而原文中说“one in twenty five suffer persistent bullying”,只有1/25是一连性的陵暴,与标题标very common抵牾,属于FALSE选项;最后一个选项说“间接陵暴情势出格难于搪塞”,定位部门是“indirect forms of bullying”,考点部门是“particularly difficult to deal with”,原文中只是在第一句中提到了indirect forms of bullying,可是只是对其举例,并没有提到“是否难于搪塞”,属于NOT GIVEN。

最后的总结我们再来梳理一下做选择题的思想进程:
1.起首看题干,操作题干的所给信息(一样平常是平凡的具假名词)定位;
2.定位到原文后,对定位词地址的句子精读而且领略;
3.带着领略到选项中选出与原文表达同等的选项,解除纷歧致的选项。
许多同窗较量担忧,假如这样做选择题,就相等于做了四个判定题,可是现实上没有那么难,由于判定题要求我们准确地判别出FALSE和NOT GIVEN,可是选择题则不消,岂论是F照旧NG,我们都不选。以是选择题的选项只有两个,即TRUE和NOT TRUE。
其它,做题时各人必然要细心说明每个选项,除了能知道正确谜底的正确性之外,还要能知道为什么不选其他三个。
以上就是我们对选择题正确思想进程的声名。可以看得出来,思索进程并不难,可是选择题这种题型是一种难度较量大的题,有许多必要我们留意的内容。
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