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南京英语培训:雅思阅读如何区别FALSE和NOT GIVEN

时间:2018-07-25 17:09来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
择要:雅思阅读测验中,许多同窗都较量难以区别FALSE和NOT GIVEN,本文将别离从这两个选项来举办说明,怎样区分这两个选项,但愿有助于考生们做雅思阅读标题。

许多同窗都以为碰着判定题,正确的选TRUE,错误的选FALSE,而没有说起的选NOT GIVEN。着实,这只是对判定题选项的外貌领略。真正进步你判定题正确率的要害在于,站在雅思阅读命题人的角度去发掘TRUE、FALSE、NOT GIVEN背后的深刻寄义。

本日,我们着重讲授的是90%的同窗城市夹杂的一个易错点,也就是奈何正确区分FALSE和NOT GIVEN。那么,此刻我们一路来看一看FALSE、NOT GIVEN的命题纪律都有哪些吧~

雅思阅读奈何区别FALSE和NOT GIVEN图1

FALSE

1. 标题掉包原文观念

原文:

It was named the Silk Road after its most precious commodity, which was considered to be worth more than gold.

标题:

Gold was the most valuable material transported along the Silk Road.

说明:

原文意思是丝绸是最贵的商品,而标题意思是黄金是最有代价的物品。该题固然没有呈现反义词, 南京托福培训,可是按照原文就可以明晰揣度出最贵的商品是丝绸,而不是黄金.因此标题张冠李戴,谜底选FALSE。

2. 标题和原文信息相反

原文:

These gondolas always weigh the same, whether or not they are carrying boats.

标题:

The weight of the gondolas varies according to the size of being carried.

说明:

标题中的varies与原文中的same组成反义词,两个词表达的寄义截然相反,以是谜底选FALSE。

上面我们说明白FALSE题的命题纪律,信托各人对付碰着那种范例的题选FALSE有了必然的领略。可是呢,又有许多同窗把许多FALSE题与NOT GIVEN题夹杂,他们都纯真地以为NOT GIVEN是在文中找不到信息,其拭魅这样的领略可以说是根基正确,可是如故没有熟悉到NOT GIVEN背后的其余命题纪律。接下来,我们再看看这类题怎么做吧~

NOT GIVEN

1. 原文大范畴,标题小范畴

原文:

The tourist mainly comes from Europe

标题:

The tourist mainly comes from the UK

说明:

欧洲和英国事具有“包括相关”的两种观念,原文说旅客来自欧洲 - 大范畴,而标题说旅客来自英国 - 小范畴,那么原文信息中旅客来自欧洲,他们有也许来自英国,也有也许来自法国、意大利等等其余欧洲国度,因此标题中旅客来自英国只是原文的一种也许性,我们无法判定其正误,以是谜底是NOT GIVEN。

2. 按照原文信息无法揣度标题描写的相关

原文:

Lower secondary schools in Japan cover three school years, from the seventh grade (age 13) to the ninth grade (age 15). Virtually all pupils at this stage attend state schools: only 3 per cent are in the private sector. Schools are usually modern in design, set well back from the road and spacious inside.

标题:

Private schools in Japan are more modern and spacious than state-run lower secondary schools.

说明:

固然标题中的Private school和lower secondary schools都提到了,modern and spacious也提到了,可是标题中的较量相关more than按照原文信息无法揣度,以是谜底就是NOT GIVEN。

3. 标题信息在原文中没有说起

原文:

On the other hand, dams, aqueducts and other kinds of infrastructure will still have to be built, particularly in developing countries where basic human needs have not been met. But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. And even in regions where new projects seem warranted, we must find ways to meet demands with fewer resources, respecting ecological criteria and to a smaller budget.

标题:

In the future, governments should maintain ownership of water infrastructures.

说明:

原文只提到了water infrastructures,和governments和ownership并没有什么相关,因此选NOT GIVEN。

好啦,到这里各人应该会发明我们做雅思阅读判定题时,最重要的一点就是:做题的依据必然来自于原文信息,而不是本身的脑补!

最后,我们来总结一下判定题中FALSE和NOT GIVEN的解题思绪吧:

标题信息与原文差异可能相反,谜底是FALSE

标题是原文中的一种也许性,可能按照原文无法判定标题信息,就选NOT GIVEN

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