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南京托福培训:雅思阅读需小心的“绊脚绳”

时间:2018-07-25 17:10来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
备考雅思,许多同窗轻易忽略雅思阅读单项的操练。由于阅读测验与中国传统的英文测验有相似之处,判定题配对题,许多雅思阅读题型都是我们之前见到过的。然而这

  备考雅思,许多同窗轻易忽略雅思阅读单项的操练。由于阅读测验与中国传统的英文测验有相似之处,判定题配对题,许多雅思阅读题型都是我们之前见到过的。然而这种认知不必然精确,在我们的培训傍边,发明不少这样的学员,自以为阅读不错,现实考出来的分数只有22分阁下,乃至会更低。ETS对阅读高程度(High level)的评定尺度是22-30分。而究竟上,阅读假如达不到25分以上,总分想要过百会较量坚苦,由于这相等于把挣分的压力转移到了大部门人较量弱的听力、口语、写作上面。由此可见,阅读对付雅思取得高分后果是一种担保。

  那么为什么许多自以为阅读不错的考生不必然能在这一部门熠熠生辉呢?这是由于雅思阅读测验存在一些“绊脚绳”。

  雅思阅读“绊脚绳”一:细节题观察准确定位。雅思阅读中的细节题着实不难,但条件是定位的点要对。好比下面这个例题:

  Two species of deer have been prevalent in the Puget Sound area of Washington State in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The black-tailed deer, a lowland, west-side cousin of the mule deer of eastern Washington, is now the most common. The other species, the Columbian white-tailed deer, in earlier times was common in the open prairie country, it is now restricted to the low, marshy islands and flood plains along the lower Columbia River.

  According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of the white-tailed deer of Puget Sound?

  A. It is native to lowlands and marshes.

  B. It is more closely related to the mule deer of eastern Washington than to other types of deer.

  C. It has replaced the black-tailed deer in the open prairie.

  D. It no longer lives in a particular type of habitat that it once occupied.

  这是一个典范的细节题,在该题题干中,有的考生会选择Puget Sound作为要害词回原订亲位,由于它是专著名词,在文中会较量显眼;可是假如一旦选择了这个地名,势必会定位在该段的第一句话,细节题每每是定位在哪句就在哪句找谜底,这样的话考生是选不出正确谜底的,由于定位不准确。其拭魅正确的要害词应该是white-tailed deer,这个用连字符毗连的词在文章中也是较量精明的,按该词定位应是该段最后一句话。以是按照它的意思应该选D项。个中A项与原句意思不符,B和C都与定位句信息无关。我们再来看其它一个否认究竟细节题的例子:

  Plant communities assemble themselves flexibly, and their structure depends on the particular history of the area. Ecologists use the term "succession" to refer to the changes that happen in plant communities and ecosystems over time. The first community in a succession is called a pioneer community, while the long-lived community at the end of succession is called a climax community. Pioneer and successional plant communities are said to change over periods from 1 to 500 years. These changes-in plant numbers and the mix of species-are cumulative. Climax communities themselves change but over periods of time greater than about 500 years.

  According to paragraph 1, which of the following is NOT true of climax communities?

  A. They occur at the end of a succession.

  B. They last longer than any other type of community.

  C. The numbers of plants in them and the mix of species do not change

  D. They remain stable for at least 500 years at a time.

  这个题各人城市选择用climax communities去定位,但在定位进程中会呈现许多题目。起首考生要学会跳跃式定位,即按照文章中非凡的标点标记以及最精明的词来搜刮我们真正必要的要害词。文中的particular是加了阴影的,succession是在引号内里的,都很是精明,通过看这两个词我们会发明它们四面没有我们必要的对象;再较量突出的就是数字及破折号,在500的前线有a climax community,但它是单数,与题干要害词不完全匹配,细节题考究的是准确定位,以是我们应该选择500后方的Climax communities,即该段的最后一句话。否认究竟细节题的出题思绪有两种:一是无中生有,即按照定位点的内容,四个选项只有一个没有提到,这种思绪多合用于选项较量简短的标题;二是张冠李戴,即按照定位点的内容表述,只有一个选项与之抵牾, 南京文德英语,这种思绪多顺应于选项较量长的标题。就这个例题而言,按照定位的最后一句话,从表述上来说跟它相干的只有C和D两个选项,D项的意思与原句符合,而C项与原句抵牾,以是正确谜底是C。

  综上所述,做阅读的细节题,最重要的一点就是要只管地去准确定位。

  雅思阅读“绊脚绳”: 无偏向中潜匿偏向。阅读测验中绝大部门标题都是对应详细段落的,这会为考生节减许多时刻。可是也不解除有少量标题标范畴较量大或较量恍惚,考生在探求谜底时不免一头雾水,费时艰辛。其拭魅这些看似没有明晰定位偏向的标题都是埋伏玄机的。下面我们就来看一个例子:

  Wind power has a significant cost advantage over nuclear power and has become competitive with coal-fired power plants in many places. With new technological advances and mass production, projected cost declines should make wind power one of the world's cheapest ways to produce electricity. In the long run, electricity from large wind farms in remote areas might be used to make hydrogen gas from water during periods when there is less than peak demand for electricity. The hydrogen gas could then be fed into a storage system and used to generate electricity when additional or backup power is needed.

  Wind power is most economical in areas with steady winds. In areas where the wind dies down, backup electricity from a utility company or from an energy storage system becomes necessary. Backup power could also be provided by linking wind farms with a solar cell, with conventional or pumped-storage hydropower, or with efficient natural-gas-burning turbines. Some drawbacks to wind farms include visual pollution and noise, although these can be overcome by improving their design and locating them in isolated areas.


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