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南京英语培训:浅谈雅思阅读中段落标题配对题 6点答题诀窍

时间:2018-07-25 17:04来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
凡是在解答雅思阅读中段落问题配对这种题型时,许多考生风俗于机器地通过阅读各个段落的首句,第二句可能最后一句来探求各个段落的主题句( topic sentence),即该

凡是在解答雅思阅读中段落问题配对这种题型时,许多考生风俗于机器地通过阅读各个段落的首句,第二句可能最后一句来探求各个段落的主题句( topic sentence),即该段中归纳归纳综合段落大意或中心头脑的句子。然而,在全面说明完剑桥雅思全真试题集1-6中全部收录的段落问题配对题后,笔者发明,绝大部门此类题的正确谜底确实可以通过确定主题句得到,南京文德教育,但有些段落布置以及正确选项的归纳并没有考生等候得那么简朴。大致归纳一下,大抵有以下几个非凡性。本文将从这些非凡段落的特点出发,举实例来详细说明其应对计策。

特点1:段落内容均为举例

计策:略读举例内容,大抵相识举例目标(即论据部门所支持的概念),并将其与选项举办比较,与举例目标表达沟通概念的选项即为正解。

例: The Dutch are not the only would-be moles. Growing numbers of Europeans are burrowing below ground to create houses, offices, discos and shopping malls…; in winter months in Montreal, Canada, for instance, citizens can escape the cold in an underground complex compete with shops and even health clinics. In Tokyo builders are planning a massive underground city to be begun in the next decade, and underground shopping malls are already common in Japan…

说明:很明明,此段没有所谓的主题句,而是以Europe, Canada 以及Tokyo为例.在快速看完举例部门后,我们不难总结出,举例的目标是要声名天下各地正着手开拓包罗地下都市,地下诊所,地下舞厅和地下购物中心在内的多样化地下处事办法.而这一概念正好跟选项Developing underground services around the world 相相符。

特点2:段落自己有主题句,但正确选项并未按照主题句归纳

计策:继承读主题句后头部门的内容,即扩展句(supporting sentences, 对主题句起支持或进一步表明声名的句子)部门,正确选项每每就是对扩展句详细涉及内容的归纳综合。

例: There are big advantages, too, when it comes to private homes. A development of 194 houses which would take up 14 hectares of land above ground would occupy 2.7 hectares below it, while the number of roads would be halved… An underground dweller himself, Carpenter has never paid a heating bill …

说明:不丢脸出,划线的句子作为本段的首句,具有归纳综合性,实为主题句。假如正确选项是依据此句来归纳的话,那理应包括advantages 或是同样暗示上风、利益、优点的其余词。可究竟是,所给选项中没有一项涉及此类词。纯真找主题句看来对付这个段落已不合用。继承今后读,我们发明,后头部门着实是对地下住宅所具备的利益的进一步举例表明。罗列数字无非是要声名地下住宅节减土地和空间;而以Carpenter这个地下住宅栖身者为例,就是要声名这种住宅既省钱又节能。由此,谜底锁定为Demands on space and energy are reduced.

特点3:段落中涉及多个概念内容

计策:正确谜底经常依据段落中所占篇幅较多或作者要夸大的概念来归纳

例: Building big commercial buildings underground can be a way to avoid distinguishing or threatening a beautiful or ‘environmentally sensitive’ landscape. Indeed many of the buildings which consume most land - such as cinemas, supermarkets, theatres, warehouses or libraries - have no need to be on the surface since they do not need windows.

说明:此段总共包括两个句子,但各句表白差异的概念。前者以为建筑大型地下构筑可以停止粉碎都市风光,尔后者则夸大许多构筑由于不必要窗户可以被建在地下。Indeed(确实,乃至)的呈现,正好表白本段的重心是要突出夸大后者概念,即有些构筑不必要窗户(天然采光)。以是毫无疑问地选择 Some buildings do not require natural light。

特点4:较量相关呈此刻句中

计策:忽略作为参照物的前者,后者步崆作者真正要声名的概念

例: Working Germans are particularly vulnerable, with a 33 percent higher risk at the beginning of the working week. Non-workers, by comparison, appear to be no more at risk on a Monday than any other day.

说明:此段两句以by comparison 跟尾,同时也浮现了前后两者的较量相关。以working Germans 作为参照物,本段真正的目标在于表白后者,即那些赋闲职员在礼拜一患心脏病的机率并不比其余任何一天高。以是正确谜底为Jobless but safer。

特点5:转折、让步相关呈此刻句中

计策:忽略让步状语从句内容,重点存眷转折部门,即but 或however等暗示转折相关的毗连词后头的内容。

例: The risk of having a heart attack on any given day should be one in seven, but a six-year study coordinated by researchers at the Free University of Berlin of more tan 2,600 Germans revealed that the average person had a 20 percent higher chance of having a heart attack on a Monday than on any other day.

说明:but的呈现引导我们存眷厥后头所要表白的内容。又由于段落问题配对是对段落大意的归纳综合,以是在领略转折部门的内容时,我们只必要掌握住句子的骨干就可以了。由此,按照骨干a study revealed that the average person had a 20 percent higher chance of having a heart attack on a Monday than on any other day 研究表现平凡人在礼拜一患心脏病的比率比其余任何一天跨越百分之二十, 我们选择选项 High-risk Monday。

特点6:表达沟通寄义的词或短语相继呈此刻段落各句中

计策: 探求含有高频词汇的选项

例: … If we are to believe the forecasts, it is predicted that two-thirds of the world population will be without fresh water by 2025…While some areas are devastated by flooding, scarcity of water in many other places is causing conflicts. The state of Texas in the United States of America is suffering a shortage of water … there is now talk of water being the new oil.

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