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南京gre培训:详解雅思阅读中的同义替换词汇及词组

时间:2018-07-25 17:05来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
雅思同义词这在雅思听力中常常会碰着,常常会配置标题和陷阱,雅思同义词在阅读测验中也同样常见,假如说词汇是雅思测验的基本,那么雅思同义词就是个中很是重要
雅思同义词这在雅思听力中常常会碰着,常常会配置标题和陷阱,雅思同义词在阅读测验中也同样常见,假如说词汇是雅思测验的基本,那么雅思同义词就是个中很是重要的一个部门。下面就是小编清算的雅思阅读测验同义词替代实例总结。

  雅思阅读同义词转换一、词的转换

  1. 沟通词性的同义替代:

  沟通词性的同义替代一样平常指的是只涉及单个单词的转换。单个单词的转换包罗词性转换及同义词转换。个中词性转换是相对简朴的一种,词汇量可观的考生天然可以游刃有余,轻松应对;即便不熟悉被转换了的单词的考生,也可以通过词根词缀以及上下文举办揣摩。

  譬喻:

  Example 1:

  One of the brain’smost difficult tasks is to

  A. react to their ownthoughts

  B. helped createlanguage in humans

  C. respond instantlyto whatever is happening

  题干中的焦点信息most difficult应该在读题的进程中被考生捕获到,在定位时应充实思量到被代换的也许性;其它备考时实习充实有素的考生还会思量到句子布局的整体次序的差异。这样,当定位到原文的对应信息句:

  Making a rapidemotional assessment of the events of the moment is an extremely demanding jobfor the brain, animal or human.

  考生应该可以或许敏锐地发明extremelydemanding是most difficult的代换,由此确定该句所表达的意思是正确谜底,在list中征采正确的选项时,句子中的内容被再一次代换,个华夏文中 rapidemotional assessment of the events被代换为respond instantly towhatever is happening, 至此,谜底为C。

  Example 2:

  It has been suggestedthat children hold mistaken views about the 'pure' science that they study atschool. 按照'pure'定位到文中第二段第一行Manystudies have shown that children harbour misconceptions about 'pure' science,curriculum science. 短短一句话我们可以发明有三组到处同义替代,别离为suggested-shown;hold-harbour; mistaken views-misconceptions; science that they study atschool-curriculum science. 因此谜底为TRUE。

  Example 3:

  Some people maybelieve that the teacher- subjects’ behavior could be explained as a positivesurvival mechanism.

  可以看出句中positive和survival是要害词,由句中呈现的survivalmechanism可判定为是从生物角度来评论的,又由于原文的F段首句:One’sfirst inclination might be to argue that there are must be some sort of built inanimal aggression instinct that … 中提到了相干内容,以是定位到该段。敏捷扫描,南京文德教育,征采和两个要害词对应的信息,除了在该段第六行呈现了原词重现的survival, 还在上一行呈现了advantageous, 显然是positive的代换。因为原文跟标题中的信息相符,以是谜底是TRUE。

2. 差异词性的同义替代:

  差异词性同义代换顾名思义,就是在代换时不受词性的限定,好比:obvious换成clearly; similar换成resemble等。

  Example 1:

  Despite substantialfunding, results (of this program) have been disappointing.

  代换为:This program failedalthough they received sufficient funding.

  由于把disappointing换成了failed, “although”代换了“inspite of”, 通过词的代换就会很天然的实现英文中倡导的句式多样性。

  雅思阅读同义词转换二、词组的转换

  词组的转换一样平常环境下是同义词转换的一个衍生。当一个词无法用另一个同义词到位地表明时,也许会呈现用词组表明的环境。其它假如自己就是词组的情势,那么凡是来讲照旧会用词组的情势举办表明。

  譬喻:

  Example 1:

  原文:Computers are gainingin popularity, despite their cost.

  标题:Computers are morepopular than they used to be.

  原文傍边的gaining in popularity标题顶用morepopular than they used to be作为替代。两者在意思上属于完全同等的同义转换,因此谜底为TRUE。

  Example 2:

  原文:Biologically, aspecies becomes extinct when its last individual dies.

  标题:In biological terms,a species is said to be extinct when only one individual exists.

  原文傍边的biologically用标题标inbiological terms作为替代。Become则由issaid to be作为替代。可是原文傍边的die在标题中酿成了exist, 直接相反的意思。介于最后这一处的转换与原文信息不符,可以判定出此题谜底是FALSE。

  Example 3:

  There were severalreasons for the research into plastics in the nineteenth century, among themthe great advances that had been made in the field of _____and the search foralternatives to natural resources like ivory.

  理会:按照nineteenth century定位到文中第二段......Theimpetus behind the development of these early plastics was generated by anumber of factors- immense technological progress in the domain ofchemistry,.......个中,in the field of意思等同于inthe domain of“在....规模”,因此谜底为chemistry。

  In recent years, manyof them have been obliged to give up their _____ lifestyle, but they continueto depend mainly on _____ for their food and clothes.

  理会:按照上下订亲位到文中 Overthe past 40 years, most have abandoned their nomadic ways and settled in theterritory's 18 isolated communities, but they still rely heavily on nature toprovide food and clothing. 由于大大都同窗都熟悉abandon, 更知道giveup是“放弃”的意思,属于单词与词组的替代,因此第一个空填nomadic,lifestyle“糊口方法”与ways替代,dependmainly on与rely heavily on属于词组与词组的替代,意为“依靠......”,谜底为nature。

  综上所述,同义词替代在雅思阅读中的重要浸染显而易见。提示宽大考生在平常必然要留意多蕴蓄,好比在背单词的时辰,就不能只满意于记着单词自己,还应该多想想这个单词有什么同义、近义词,以及词组的代换,这样在雅思阅读中就能取得好的后果。

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