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南京gmat培训:雅思阅读:你如何分得清Y/N/NG的区别

时间:2018-07-25 17:06来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
不少门生在做阅读的时辰,常常由于碰着Y/N/NG就秒变深度纠结晚期患者,而考阅读的时刻,就是被本身一纠结就延伸已往!本日就带各人来看看,到底在做雅思阅读的时
不少门生在做阅读的时辰,常常由于碰着Y/N/NG就秒变“深度纠结晚期患者”,而考阅读的时刻,就是被本身一纠结就延伸已往!本日就带各人来看看,到底在做雅思阅读的时辰,什么环境下是yes, 什么环境下是no 尚有什么环境下是NG?假如认为本身的阅读气力真心够呛,不妨好好记着下面的“定律”哦!

Yes
1.标题是按照原文同义表达,凡是是同义词之间的替代可能是同义布局。
举例:
原文:According to the survey of 2012, men are taller than women.
标题:The survey of 2012 finds that women are smaller than men.
定位词:年月2012
考点词:taller(同义布局)
原文:Frogs are losing the ecological battle for survival, and biologists are at a loss to explain their demise.
标题:Biologists are unable to explain why the frogs are dying.
定位词:biologists 学科类的专著名词,生物学家
考点词: unable(同义词)

2. 标题是按照原文中的话来揣度出来。
举例:
原文:On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing his Modern-day plastic preparation, the essential features of which are still in use today.
标题:Modern-day plastic preparation is based on the same principles as that patented in 1907.
定位词:年月1907
考点词:same(句子意思揣度谜底)
No
1. 标题与原文的意思相反: 凡是是反义词, 否认词(no/never/not)+同义词,可能是反义布局
举例:
原文:Eating hamburgers is beneficial to peoples’ health.
标题:Eating hamburgers is bad for peoples’ health.
定位词:Eating hamburgers
考点词:形容词bad
原文:Data showing the scale of the nickel sulphide problem is almost impossible to find.
标题:There is plenty of documented evidence available about the incidence of nickel sulphide failure.
定位词:nickel sulphide
考点词:plenty of 介词短语做形容词

2. 原文中是几个前提得出一个结论,前提以并列的方法呈现,常用both..and.., and, or 可能also等, 标题却呈现must 可能only, 南京雅思培训,暗示只有这个前提就可以获得结论。
举例:
原文:Since the Olympics began, 36 out of 58 gold medals have been won by the athletes from China and USA.
标题:Only the competitors in China have won the gold medals in the Olympics.
定位词: Olympics
考点词:only

3. 原文是某种理论可能是感受,好比theory, feel等,而标题是究竟或已经被证明,常有fact 可能prove等词。
举例:
原文:The professor feels/guesses that H7N9 can transmit from people to people.
标题:The professor proves that H7N9 can transmit among the people.
定位词:H7N9
考点词:proves

4. 原文和标题行使了暗示差异频率可能范畴的词汇。
好比: 原文顶用most,标题顶用all可能few;原文顶用sometimes,标题顶用often之类的词; 原文顶用possible而标题是impossible等。
举例:
原文:Most people in the class are from Shanghai.
标题:All the people in the class are from Shanghai.
定位词:Shanghai
考点词:All

5. 原文中包括前提状语if/unless/Provided that…(若是) 可能是in… 和 with…介词短语暗示前提状语,标题却去掉了这些暗示前提状语的部门。
举例:
原文:The Internet is a hazardous tool in the hands of small children.
标题:The Internet is a dangerous instrument.
定位词: Internet
考点词: dangerous
原文: Lily can ride the bike with the help of her mother.
标题: Lily can ride the bicycle.
定位词:Lily
考点词: can
Not Given
1.标题在原文中找不到依据。
牢记不能光凭本身的常识领略来判定,纵然呈现标题中说“地球是方的”.
2. 标题标范畴比原文的范畴小。(假如反过来,就是T)
举例:
原文:Tea is good for peoples’ health.
标题:People can get benefits from Green Tea.
3. 标题中有较量布局,原文中无较量布局。
举例:
原文:And the future? It is anticipated that, in the years to come, leisure facilities spending will account for between a third and a half of all household spending. Whilst it is difficult to give exact figures, the leisure industry will certainly experience a long period of sustained growth.
标题:In future, people will pay less for the leisure facilities they use than they do today.
定位词:leisure facilities
考点词:less
4. 标题中有暗示趋势的词或词组,而原文却无法找到相干的表达。
举例:
原文:The future, we are told, is likely to be different. Detailed surveys of social and economic trends in the European Community show that Europe’s population is falling and getting older. The birth rate in the Community is now only three-quarters of the level needed to ensure replacement of the existing population. By the year 2020, it is predicted that more than one in four Europeans will be aged 60 or more and barely one in five will be under 20. In a five-year period between 1983 and 1988 the Community’s female workforce grew by almost six million. As a result, 51% of all women aged 14 to 64 are now economically active in the labor market compared with 78% of men.
标题:The rise in the female workforce in the European Community is a positive trend.
定位词:European Community female workforce(专著名词)
考点词:positive
这道题引出:假如原文没有提到,也只能是NG。可能,标题中暗示此刻环境,而原文暗示未来可能已往,也是NG,反之亦然。
5.主体举措产生的时刻段纷歧样,导致信息无法判定。
举例:
原文:Since the early years of the twentieth century, when the International Athletic Federation began keeping records, there has been a steady improvement in how fast athletes run, how high they jump…
标题:There was little improvement in athletic performance before the twentieth century.
定位词:年月twentieth century
考点词:little,before
6. 标题中句子的主语或宾语和原文中的主语和宾语举办了“批红判白”, 因此无法判定,为NG。
举例:
原文:In the last 20 years, scientists have detected an increasing variety of toxic contaminants in the North, including pesticides from agriculture, chemicals and heavy metals from industry. These are substances that have invaded ecosystems virtually worldwide, but they are especially worrisome in the Arctic.
标题:Industry in the Arctic has increased over the last 20 years.
定位词:Arctic,20 years
考点词:increased
对付Y/N/NG这类标题,尚有1项黄金法例,不妨在时刻紧张又太纠结的时辰用起来:
标题中若呈现must,only,all,most及always等极度绝对化的词语,谜底是80%是F,20%是NG。
举例:
原文:Hydroelectric power is at present the earth’s chief renewable electricity source, generating 6% of global energy and about 15% of worldwide electricity. Hydroelectric power in Canada is plentiful and provides 60% of their electrical requirements. Usually regarded as an inexpensive and clean source of electricity, most big hydroelectric projects being planned today are facing a great deal of hostility from environmental groups and local people.
标题:Canada uses the most hydroelectric power in the world today.
定位词:Canada ,hydroelectric power
考点词:most
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