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南京雅思培训:雅思阅读遇到不认识的单词怎么办?

时间:2018-07-25 17:06来源:南京文德教育 作者:南京文德教育 点击:
前两天我们接头了雅思测验的本质:说话驾御手段的测验。有同窗问我什么叫做说话的驾御手段。从单词的角度来说就是,假如给了你一个生疏的单词,你是不熟悉的;但
前两天我们接头了雅思测验的本质:说话驾御手段的测验。有同窗问我什么叫做说话的驾御手段。从单词的角度来说就是,假如给了你一个生疏的单词,你是不熟悉的;可是给了你一个包括了这个单词的句子,你可以或许用前后文举办揣度,最后大抵可以或许大白这个句子的意思以及这个单词在这个语境下的寄义, 南京文德英语,那么你的说话驾御手段就是较量强的。那么,之前给各人讲授了奈何操作一些小能力来猜单词,个中包罗用词根词缀来猜单词、用并列相关来猜单词、用同位语来猜单词。本日我们来看看其它两种极好的辅佐判定单词的要领!

4. 操作举例

阅读中常见的表达举例的词很简朴,就是for example, such as, illustration这样的词。各人都知道“举例词”后头的词是对前面的词的举例声名,可是各人能不能想到这样可以操作这种举例相关来猜单词呢?我们来看下面的例子:

【例句】

Modern teaching practices, the organizations of desks in the classroom, poor classroom acoustics, and mechanical means of ventilation such as air-conditioning units all contribute to the number of children unable to comprehend the teacher’s voice.

【说明】

这是C9T2R1的一个句子。我们在这个句子中看到了such as引导的一个例子,是对前面mechanical means of ventilation的举例表明。许多同窗是不熟悉ventilation的,可是我们一样平常都熟悉air-conditioning,通过such as我们可以知道air-conditioning是ventilation的一个例子,那么ventilation必定是跟“空调”有关的词,好比也许是“透风体系”之类的寄义。

5. 操作因果相关

因果相关也可以用于猜单词,各人要故意识地操作起来,尤其是在一些包括生词的因果相关句子中,我们可以操作“因”和“果”相互表明这一特点来举办生词的揣度。我们来看下面这两个例题:

【例题1】(第5题)

Classify the following as typical of

A both Chinese and Japanese pagodas

B only Chinese pagodas

C only Japanese pagodas

Write the correct letter, A, B or C, in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet.

5 easy interior access to top

6 tiles on eaves

7 use as observation post

8 size of eaves up to half the width of the building

9 original religious purpose

10 floors fitting loosely over each other

【原文】

The Chinese built their pagodas in brick or stone, with inner staircases, and used them in later centuries mainly as watchtowers.When the pagoda reached Japan, however, its architecture was freely adapted to local conditions - they were built less high, typically five rather than nine storeys, made mainly of wood and the staircase was dispensed with because the Japanese pagoda did not have any practical use but became more of an art object.

【说明】

这是出自C7T2R1的一个句子。本句话中,许多同窗是不熟悉dispense with这个词组的,可是我们发明后头有一个缘故起因状语从句来对其举办表明,我们可以操作这个缘故起因来举办揣度:楼梯是被dispensed with了,由于日本宝塔是没有现适用途的而是酿成了一个艺术品。团结前面的一个句子:中国宝塔有内部楼梯。因此可以展望日本的楼梯是被去除了,以是be dispensed with的意思是“被去除”

【例题2】

Classify the following statements as referring to

A hand collecting

B using bait

C sampling ground litter

D using a pitfall trap

Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D, in boxes 31-36 on your answer sheet.

31 It is preferable to take specimens from groups of ants.

32 It is particularly effective for wet habitats.

33 It is a good method for species which are hard to find.

34 Little time and effort is required.

35 Separate containers are used for individual specimens.

36 Non-alcoholic preservative should be used.

【原文】

The pitfall trap is another commonly used tool for collecting ants.…The preservative used is usually ethylene glycol or propylene glycol, as alcohol will evaporate quickly and the traps will dry out. One advantage of pitfall traps is that they can be used to collect over a period of time with minimal maintenance and intervention. One disadvantage is that some species are not collected as they either avoid the traps or do not commonly encounter them while foraging.

【说明】

原文中,我们会看到ethylene glycol or propylene glycol,我信托一样平常同窗是不熟悉的,虽然我也不熟悉,但!这不重要!由于我们不消熟悉也能做题,我们可以猜词啊!来,我们看到后头有一个as引导的缘故起因状语从句,就对前面这个分句举办了表明:这里行使到的防腐剂(preservative)是ethylene glycol 可能是 propylene glycol,由于酒精会蒸发而且陷阱会很快干涸。因此,可以揣度出ethylene glycol 和 propylene glycol都长短酒精(non-alcoholic),因此36题谜底选D。

以上是我们本日的内容——操作举例来猜单词和操作因果相关来猜单词。关于单词,这里我必需夸大两点:

1

我们确实有许多能力来辅佐我们领略单词在某一个语境下的意思,可是每一种能力都不是全能的,因此各人要机动运用全部的能力,这样在面临生疏语境的时辰才气机动自如的领略,哪怕你并没有那么多的单词量。

2

单词是必需必必要背的!没有强盛的单词作为基本,给你讲再多的能力也无济于事!

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